Kebebasan Media 10 Minit: Sebuah Janji Ditepati?

Tawaran 10 minit untuk membentangkan manifesto parti politik di Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM)? Tidakkah tawaran ini memeranjatkan rakyat Malaysia pada ketika kita menanti pembubaran Parlimen?

Yang memeranjatkan badan pemikir Kajian Politik untuk Perubahan (KPRU) bukan keputusan rejim pemerintah membenarkan wakil parti oposisi menampirkan diri selama 10 minit di depan kaca televisyen, tetapi tawaran sekadar 10 minit untuk pembentangan sebuah dokumen penting yang melibatkan pembangunan negara pada masa depan.

Apakah kebebasan 10 minit dapat menjamin akses rakyat kepada maklumat sebegitu penting supaya sebagai pengundi, seseorang warganegara dapat membuat penilaian berpandukan akses kepada pelbagai maklumat secara keseluruhan?

Sesungguhnya, “kebebasan 10 minit” menyifatkan secara tepat kawalan terhadap media di Malaysia selama ini. Oleh sebab kawalan media arus perdana ketat sekali, kebebasan 10 minit sudah dianggap sebagai pengkurniaan yang sebegitu tinggi dan rakyat yang dahagakan kepelbagaian maklumat harus berterima kasih kepada pihak kerajaan. Mesipun berada di era internet, tidak memeranjatkan jika sekiranya pentadbiran Datuk Seri Najib Razak mencorakkan kebebasan 10 minit sebagai pencapaian di bawah retorik kempen Janji Ditepati.

Apabila diimbas kembali, pasca pindaan No.2 Akta Keterangan diluluskan, kegelapan dunia siber atau internet blackout telah dijalankan, penentangan oleh warga Malaysia dan warga dunia siber disuarakan sementara manifesto Pakatan Rakyat (PAKATAN) 2013 menjamin kebebasan bersuara dan kebebasan media diterbitkan. Apakah kerana kebimbangan pentadbiran Najib kepada penentangan berulang warganegara, pentadbiran beliau telah secara senyap mewartakan pindaan Akta Keterangan? Dan pada 31 Julai 2012, pindaan akta tersebut telahpun mula beroperasi.[1]

Kebebasan bersuara dalam negara menukik pasca pindaan Akta Keterangan. Begitu juga kedudukan Malaysia di tangga Indeks Kebebasan Media 2013 yang menjunam kepada 145 daripada tangga 124 pada tahun 2011/2012.

Capture

Graf 1 menunjukkan ketidaktentuan Malaysia dalam memastikan media dan hak bersuara adalah bebas daripada sebarang pengaruh luar khususnya pengaruh politik. Era pasca kelulusan pindaan Akta Keterangan melihatkan bukan sahaja kehilangan kepercayaan warganegara kepada perlindungan hak yang terkandung dalam Perlembagaan negara, ianya juga merupakan suatu indikasi bahawa politik mendahului hak asasi warganegara Malaysia. Dan ianya dapat dilihat bahawa pasca pentadbiran Najib, kebebasan media Malaysia sebenarnya bertambah teruk walaupun dikatakan sebaliknya oleh pentadbiran beliau.

Pasca pindaan Akta Keterangan melihatkan Malaysia jatuh 21 tangga daripada 124 kepada 145.  Tahun 2006 mencatatkan kedudukan yang paling tinggi iaitu pada tangga 92.  Pasca tahun 2006, kedudukan Malaysia melihatkan kejatuhan dan kejatuhan yang paling tidak membanggakan adalah pada tahun 2013. Walaupun Najib mengeluarkan kenyataan bahawa pindaan Akta Keterangan adalah untuk melindungi rakyat[2], warganegara Malaysia tidak lagi mudah terpedaya dengan retorik beliau.

Malah, pada Himpunan Kebangkitan Rakyat atau KL112 yang diadakan di Stadium Merdeka pada 1 Januari 2013, hanya satu-satunya akhbar arus perdana berbahasa Melayu Sinar Harian yang memberikan laporan berita positif mengenai perhimpunan tersebut.  Laporan berita bertarikh 12 Januari 2013[3] bertajuk #KL112: Tahniah semua! Berjaya menangkis pendapat bahawa media berbahasa Melayu (tidak termasuk organ parti politik seperti Harakah dan Suara Keadilan) mampu melaporkan berita daripada sudut pendapat berlainan termasuk pihak oposisi dan bukannya hanya berteraskan pendapat rejim pemerintah.

Malah, laporan berita pada hari tersebut juga mengalami kegelapan media atau media blackout terutamanya oleh akhbar pemilikan kerajaan. Akhbar berbahasa Melayu seperti Berita Harian tidak melaporkan apa-apa mengenai perhimpunan tersebut, akhbar berita Utusan Malaysia menerbitkan laporan berita negatif, begitu juga akhbar berita The Star dan New Straits Times (NST) pula melaporkan berita negatif mengenai perhimpunan, penganjur serta peserta perhimpunan tersebut, sementara akhbar berita berbahasa Cina memberikan laporan terperinci mengenai perhimpunan tersebut.[4]

Maju ke hadapan pada laporan berita dalam media arus perdana mengenai pencerobohan di Sabah, Malaysia telah dikecam oleh beberapa pihak, termasuklah daripada badan antarabangsa kerana tidak menghormati kebebasan media mengenai pencerobohan di Sabah.

Jadual 1: Kebebasan Media Tercalar Di Sabah

Tarikh Media Tajuk
20 Feb 2013 Asia Views Al-Jazeera journalists, SAPP youths detained near standoff point

http://www.asiaviews.org/headlines/1-headlines/42099–al-jazeera-journalists-sapp-youths-detained-near-standoff-point

26 Feb 2013 SEAPA Media rights groups slam detention of Al-Jazeera journalists in Malaysia, call for greater transparency

http://www.seapabkk.org/alerts/35-incidents/100731-joint-statement-media-rights-groups-slam-detention-of-al-jazeera-journalists-in-malaysia-and-calls-for-greater-transparency.html

26 Feb 2013 MalaysiaKini Journalist accused of ‘spying’ off Lahad Datu

http://www.freemalaysiakini2.com/?p=68056

28 Feb 2013 Philstar Journalists in Sabah standoff detained

http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2013/02/28/914055/journalists-sabah-standoff-detained

1 Mac 2013 Rappler Media headlines on the Sabah conflict

http://www.rappler.com/nation/22864-media-headlines-on-the-sabah-conflict

2 Mac 2013 My

Sarawak

Family regrets inaccurate media report on Lahad Datu incident

http://www.mysarawak.org/2013/03/02/family-regrets-inaccurate-media-report-on-lahad-datu-incident-new.html

4 Mac 2013 Yahoo News (Phil) Media face near-news blackout in Sabah

http://ph.news.yahoo.com/media-face-near-news-blackout-sabah-060210214.html

4 Mac 2013 IAG Malaysia Should Respect Freedom Of The Press In Sabah, http://www.iag.org.ph/index.php/blog/164-malaysia-should-respect-freedom-of-the-press-in-sabah
6 Mac 2013 The Sun `Defend press freedom in armed conflict situations’

http://www.thesundaily.my/news/629106

7 Mac 2013 The Sun Respect press freedom in Sabah coverage, M’sia told

http://www.thesundaily.my/news/630112

7 Mac 2013 The Sun Bernama report ‘out of context’: Philippines

http://www.thesundaily.my/news/630114

8 Mac 2013 Malaysian Insider Anwar files RM100m suit against Utusan, TV3 over Lahad Datu charges

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/anwar-files-rm100m-suit-against-utusan-tv3-over-lahad-datu-charges

11 Mac 2013 GetRealphilippines Epic fail: Philippine and Malaysian govts continue to botch the handling of the Sabah crisis

http://getrealphilippines.com/blog/2013/03/epic-fail-philippine-and-malaysian-govts-continue-to-botch-the-handling-of-the-sabah-crisis/

14 Mac 2013 FMT Filipino netizens whack Zahid over press freedom

http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2013/03/14/filipino-netizens-whack-zahid-over-press-freedom/

Jadual 1 memaparkan kegagalan pentadbiran Najib untuk menghormati kebebasan media dalam isu pencerobohan Sabah. Malaysia dikritik akan tetapi, kritikan tersebut tidak dihormati oleh pentadbiran Najib. Sebaliknya, kebebasan media di Sabah terus dihalang dan disekang untuk menghalang laporan berita yang tidak mencerminkan kehendak pentadbiran Najib.

Bukan sahaja laporan media di Sabah menghadapi ancaman penapisan dan sekatan, malah sektor penerbitan buku juga mengalami rintangan apabila penerbit buku Irshad Manji menghadapi tiga tuduhan di mahkamah akibat menerbit buku Irshad Manji bertajuk ‘Allah, Liberty and Love’.[5] Sementara blogger seperti Papagomo diberikan kebebasan untuk menerbitkan berita yang bersandarkan fitnah dan penipuan, individu ternama seperti ahli parlimen Batu YB Tian Chua teruskan diserangi secara bertubi-tubi di dalam media arus perdana tanpa belas kasihan dan kekosongan tindakan undang-undang.

Malah menurut laporan Universal Periodic Review 2013 Malaysia[6] pindaan Akta Keterangan telah dikecam  kerana ianya merupakan percubaan Kerajaan Malaysia iaitu pentadbiran Najib dalam menapis dunia siber. Bukan sahaja ianya merupakan percubaan untuk menapis media di dunia siber, pada masa yang sama, akhbar seperti Utusan, Berita Harian, Sinar Harian dan Umno online diberikan kebebasan untuk menerbitkan berita yang berat sebelah dan berunsurkan fitnah kepada tokoh politik pembangkang sepertimana yang dilakukan oleh para blogger seperti Papagomo.

Penapisan berita pasca pindaan Akta Keterangan tidaklah melindungi rakyat Malaysia seperti yang dikatakan oleh Najib. Perlindungan tersebut sebaliknya diberikan kepada para blogger dan akhbar berita yang pro-Kerajaan, menjarakkan lagi Malaysia daripada pendemokrasian dan mendekatkan lagi Malaysia kepada autoritarianisme.

Tindakan terbaru pentadbiran Najib dan pengekangan kebebasan media termasuk tindakan Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia (SKMM)[7] membuka siasatan terhadap akhbar Malaysian Insider kerana memetik berita daripada akhbar New York Times yang melaporkan Malaysia sebagai salah satu daripada 25 buah negara yang menggunakan perisian komputer untuk mengintip tindak laku rakyat Malaysia di komputer-komputer mereka.

Menurut Najib, kebebasan media dan keganasan terhadap warga media merupakan dua perkara yang amat berbeza[8]. Beliau juga menyatakan bahawa sehingga laporan media tidak melanggari mana-mana undang-undang yang sedia ada, pihak media mempunyai kebebasan untuk melakukan apa-apa sahaja[9]. Namun, keadaan sebelum dan selepas pemindaan Akta Keterangan yang dikatakan diluluskan untuk melindungi rakyat Malaysia sebaliknya disangkal dengan keadaan sebelum dan selepas pemindaan akta tersebut. Malah pada tahun 2009, Najib juga telah mengeluarkan kenyataan yang berbunyi beliau percaya terdapatnya tempat dan masa untuk dialog yang bertenaga dan media yang bebas dan sentiasa termaklum.[10]

Jadual 2: Sebilangan Tindakan Anti Media Oleh Pentadbiran Najib Pada Tahun 2012[11]

Bil. Berita
1. MalaysiaKini ditolak permohonan lesen surat ahkbar
2. Menteri Dalam Negeri dan Menteri Penerangan mengambil peluang untuk menghasut media massa negara untuk menjadi media pro-kerajaan dan pro BN.
3. Menteri Penerangan mengeluarkan writ fitnah terhadap blogger-blogger kecil-kecilan.
4. Kementerian Pertahanan dengan kerjasama seorang blogger terkenal dengan sewenang-wenangnya menerbitkan sebuah klip video yang memaparkan seorang lelaki yang menyerupai seorang pemimpin pembangkang mengadakan hubungkan seksual bersama seorang wanita yang kononnya pelacur dari Cina.
5. Pihak polis menekan seorang blogger muda yang telah membuat suatu kenyataan jenaka mengenai golongan yang berada di tempat berkuasa berasaskan laporan-laporan yang telah dibuat oleh blog-blog lain di mana blogger muda tersebut menjadi mangsa buli oleh para blogger pro- UMNO.

Adakah pentadbiran Najib masih mahu mengakui adanya kebebasan media apabila keadaan sebelum dan selepas pemindaan Akta Keterangan, keadaan di Malaysia tidak bertambah baik, sebaliknya, ianya tidak berubah atau mungkin sedikit bertambah teruk? Pada tahun 2012, Najib telah memuji kenaikan tangga kedudukan Malaysia di World Press Freedom Index dengan menyatakan dasar-dasar kerajaan.[12] Adakah Najib ingin mengambil keputusan yang sama untuk mengeluarkan kenyataan terhadap kejatuhan Malaysia di Indeks tersebut dan menggantikan dengan ianya adalah kerana tindak-tinduk kerajaan yang menjadi punca kejatuhan Malaysia di Indeks tersebut?

Persoalan yang timbul adalah di manakah kebebasan media apabila Malaysiakini dijadikan tumpuan prejudis pentadbiran Najib kerana memaparkan berita-berita yang tidak pro- Kerajaan selain berita yang tidak pro-oposisi, sementara media seperti Utusan dan NST diberikan kebebasan untuk melaporkan apa-apa sahaja berita walaupun laporan berita tersebut telah dibukti tidak benar di mata mahkamah? Beberapa kes mahkamah kebelakangan ini menyokong dakwaan bahawa Utusan mempunyai kecenderungan tinggi untuk menfitnah tetapi dibiarkan begitu sahaja di bawah rejim kawalan pemerintah kerana yang menjadi sasaran fitnah saban hari ialah pihak oposisi.

Adakah kebebasan media yang dinyatakan oleh Najib adalah hanya tertakluk kepada media-media yang pro-Kerajaan dan anti-oposisi? Apabila dunia luar melihat  kebebasan media yang kononnya didokong oleh Najib sebagai retorik, adakah Najib masih mahu membaluti dirinya dengan kedegilan dan keengganan untuk melihat kehendak rakyat Malaysia untuk kebebasan media tanpa prejudis dan bukannya kehendak pihak-pihak berkenaan?

Sepertimana rakyat diminta untuk menggunakan kematangan apabila berada di dunia siber terutamanya dalam mengedar berita, begitu juga tanggungjawab sebuah kerajaan untuk menggunakan kematangan untuk menerima kritikan dan apa-apa laporan berita mahupun laporan mana-mana institusi yang kritikal terhadap kerajaan. Perkara 10 Perlembagaan Persekutuan menjamin hak bersuara rakyat Malaysia. Namun, hak itu bersifat retorik apabila pentadbiran Najib mengekang kebebasan bersuara di bawah pentadbiran beliau.

Apabila pentadbiran Najib bercadang untuk memasukkan media di dunia siber di bawah Akta Mesin Cetak dan Penerbitan 1984, di manakah kebebasan media yang begitu didokong oleh pentadbiran beliau? Apabila pentadbiran beliau menghalang para wartawan Filipina daripada memasuki Sabah kerana hendak mengelakkan laporan berita palsu, di manakah prinsip kebebasan media? Apabila seorang yang mempunyai pengalaman lama dalam sektor media menyangkal kehadiran kebebasan media dalam negara sebagai tiada kepastian dalam memastikan kebebasan media dalam negara[13], adakah pentadbiran Najib masih mahu menyatakan bahawa media dalam negara adalah bebas?

Keganasan Terhadap Pihak Media

Keganasan terhadap wartawan dalam Malaysia adalah jauh dan jarang akan tetapi rekod ini dipecahkan apabila keganasan terhadap wartawan dalam Malaysia memuncak ketika demonstrasi Bersih 3.0 pada 28 April 2012 yang lalu. Antara keganasan yang dialami oleh para wartawan ketika melaporkan demonstrasi tersebut adalah seperti berikut[14][15]; kamera milik wartawan Al Jazeera dirosakkan oleh pihak polis, wartawan Reporters Without Borders dihalang untuk melaksanakan tugasnya sebagai wartawan, wartawan Merdeka Review diserang pihak polis ketika cuba mengambil gambar dua orang pendemonstrasi dibelasah oleh pihak polis, jurukamera Al-Hijrah dibelasah oleh para pendemonstrasi ketika hendak membantu warga polis yang tercedera, wartawan The Sun dibelasah oleh beberapa pegawai polis, jurugambar Malay Mail ditumbuk ketika cuba mengambil gambar para pendemonstrasi yang ditahan polis dan lain-lain.

Namun keganasan terhadap wartawan tidak terhad kepada para wartawan yang meliputi demonstrasi Bersih. Dua orang wartawan dari surat khabar berbahasa Cina, Kwong wah Jit Poh mengalami kecederaan ketika meliputi demonstrasi menentang pembinaan kilang Lynas ketika demonstrasi tersebut berlangsung di Pulau Pinang.[16]

Seperti mana Kebangkitan Rakyat pada Januari lalu mengalami kegelapan laporan berita, begitu juga ketika Bersih 3.0 pada tahun 2012. Laporan berita BBC ketika Bersih 3.0 ditapis selama 30 saat yang menunjukkan pihak polis memacukan meriam air kepada para pendemonstrasi dan para peserta demonstrasi mengkritik kerajaan dan Perdana Menteri Najib Tun Razak. Bagi laporan media aliran perdana pula, kegelapan media dirasai apabila Utusan Malaysia hanya menerbitkan sembilan berita yang sebahagian besarnya negatif mengenai Bersih 3.0.  NST pula menerbitkan sebanyak lapan artikel yang juga sebahagia besarnya negatif mengenai Bersih 3.0, sementara The Sun menerbitkan sepuluh artikel mengenai Berish 3.0 yang rata-ratanya neutral[17].

Dalam isu lain pula, pada tahun 2012, blogger Syed Abdullah Hussein Al-Attas atau nama bloggernya, ‘Uncle Seekers’ ditahan di bawah OSA kerana dikatakan menerbitkan beberapa artikel yang berbaur hasutan. Kartunis Zulkiflee SM Anwar atau Zunar pula memenangi kes mahkamahnya apabila pihak mahkamah memutuskan bahawa penahanan Zunar dan perampasan buku-buku milik beliau sebagai menyalahi undang-undang.

Kebebasan media merupakan suatu hak asasi manusia. Akan tetapi, di Malaysia, hak tersebut adalah terhad kepada liputan berita yang merupakan pro-kerajaan dan anti-oposisi. Apabila seorang wartawan dipecat kerana mengkritik akhbar tidak menerbitkan berita bersifat objektif ketika pilihan raya[18], harapan terhadap kebebasan media sudah sedia terancam dan aura kegelapan meliputi masa hadapan media menjejaskan masa hadapan kebebasan menuntut kepelbagaian maklumat rakyat.

Begitu juga apabila laman web milik media alternatif seperti Sarawak Report, Radio Free Sarawak, Dayak Baru Blog dan MalaysiaKini diserang DdoS sewaktu pilihan raya kecil Sarawak.[19] Adakah transformasi yang begitu didambakan oleh Najib ketika ucapan ETP/GTP beliau pada 19 Mac 2013 adalah transformasi menghambakan media hingga menjadikan media boneka kerajaan dan politik kotor?

Pendirian Najib bahawa pentadbirannya beliau menghormati merupakan suatu retorik apabila pihak media dihukum kerana melaporkan realiti bukan milik beliau dan rakyat dihukum kerana mempunyai dahaga untuk kebenaran milik mereka. Antara kebenaran yang diliputi media alternatif dan bukannya media aliran perdana adalah laporan berita keluarga Ketua Menteri Sarawak yang terlibat dalam rasuah di mana menurut beliau, laporan berita tersebut dilakukan untuk memerangkap beliau.[20]

Walaupun liputan berita tersebut mendapat liputan meluas di arena media alternatif, media aliran perdana seolah-olah tidak mempedulikan laporan berita tersebut. Ini adalah walaupun kebanyakan rakyat Malaysia hanya bergantung kepada laporan berita arus perdana sebagai sumber berita mereka. Ketidakhadiran media arus perdana dalam melaporkan laporan berita Global Witness ini menidakkan rakyat Malaysia yang bergantung kepada media arus perdana dalam hak asasi mereka kepada maklumat dan kebenaran.

 

Kata Penutup

Keadaan sebelum dan selepas pemindaan Akta Keterangan menidakkan kata-kata dusta Najib bahawa pentadbirannya menghormati hak kebebasan media. Kebangkitan dan kesedaran rakyat bahawa mereka tidak lagi boleh ditipu atau dimanipulasi lagi oleh mereka yang berkedudukan tinggi dan berkepentingan sendiri terutamanya oleh mereka yang memegang kuasa. Sehingga mana lagi Najib ingin membelakangi kebenaran ini?

Dunia telah dibuka mata mengenai amalan rasuah yang meresap luas dalam keluarga Ketua Menteri Sarawak, Taib Mahmud. Rakyat Malaysia dimalukan oleh kerajaan mereka. Pentadbiran Najib pula bertindak menyalahkan semua pihak kecuali mereka diri sendiri.

Adakah ini legasi yang mahu ditinggalkan oleh Najib? Najib berbangga dengan kejayaan ETP dan GTP pentadbiran beliau akan tetapi pada masa yang sama, kebebasan media dalam negara dikekang, disekang, diugut, dimasuk campur, dan kadang kala dilayan seperti musuh negara, hanya kerana tidak mempunyai pandangan yang sama dengan pentadbiran Najib atau mengkritik tindak tanduk pentadbirannya.

Di manakah kebebasan apabila kebebasan tersebut sentiasa diugut oleh seseorang? Di manakah hak asasi apabila kepentingan politik diletak di atas kepentingan awam dan hak rakyat? Di manakah semangat patriotisme Najib apabila video Global Witness memalukan rakyat? Tuntutan siasatan ke atas keluarga Taib Mahmud selepas liputan berita dunia dan alternatif meluas tidak dihiraukan malah diperkecil-kecilkan oleh pentadbiran Najib. Malah pentadbiran Najib memperkecilkan video tersebut. Begitu juga liputan berita di Sabah. Akses media dihalang terutamanya media dari Filipina kerana pentadbiran Najib tidak mahu berita palsu dari media Filipina. Najib memperkecilkan media Filipina kerana mereka menerbitkan laporan berita yang bersifat anti kerajaan Malaysia.

Tindakbalas Najib terhadap media bersifat hipokrit dan retorik dan pihak media serta rakyat Malaysia sudah tidak boleh dimanipulasi lagi oleh beliau dan pentadbiran beliau. Tindakbalas Najib terhadap media bersifat sentakan lutut dan sudah terbukti keadaan sebelum dan selepas pindaan Akta Keterangan menunjukkan pentadbiran Najib tidak mempelajari apa-apa daripada kesalahan masa lampau dan keengganan pentadbiran beliau untuk mempelajari apa-apa yang tidak membawa sebarang keuntungan kepada beliau dan pentadbiran beliau. Lantas, pindaan Akta Keterangan tidak membawa sebarang perubahan positif kepada rakyat, atau media. Ianya hanya menunjukkan sifat autoritarianisme pentadbiran beliau. Kini tawaran 10 minit pembentangan manifesto parti politik di RTM memperkukuh dakwaan bahawa “kebebasan 10 minit” merupakan teras kepada Janji Ditepati, retorik baharu sebuah rejim bersifat autoritarianisme.


[1] DigitalNewsAsia, Govt Stealthily Gazettes Evidence Act Amendment, Law Is Now In Operation, 8 Ogos 2012,

http://www.digitalnewsasia.com/digital-economy/govt-stealthily-gazettes-evidence-act-amendment-law-is-now-in-operation

[2] MMail, Najib: Evidence Act Amendment To Protect People, 13 September 2012,

http://www.mmail.com.my/story/najib-evidence-act-amendment-protect-people-29775

[3] Sinar, #KL112: Tahniah semua!, 12 Januari 2013,

http://www.sinarharian.com.my/nasional/kl112-tahniah-semua-1.120442

[4] Mkini, English And Malay Dailies Spin Sour On The Rally, 13 Januari 2013,

http://m.malaysiakini.com/news/218819

[5] Borneo Post, Zaid Ibrahim’s Son Faces Charges Over Irshad Manji Book, 8 Mac 2013,

http://www.theborneopost.com/2013/03/08/zaid-ibrahims-son-faces-charges-over-irshad-manji-book/#ixzz2NJEerwfL

[6] HRW, Malaysia 2013 Universal Periodic Review Submission, 11 Mac 2013,

http://www.hrw.org/news/2013/03/11/malaysia-2013-universal-periodic-review-submission

[7] DNA, MCMC Probes The Malaysian Insider Over Spyware Story, 15 Mac 2013,

http://www.digitalnewsasia.com/digital-economy/mcmc-probes-the-malaysian-insider-over-spyware-story

[8] MI, Najib: Press Freedom And Violence Against Media Two Separate Issues, 6 Mac 2012,

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/najib-press-freedom-and-violence-against-media-two-separate-issues

[9] The Star, Najib: Press And Govt Relationship Critical, 20 Mac 2010,

http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/3/20/nation/5902782&sec=nation

[10] Asia One, Najib Vows Not To Curb Media Freedom, 7 April 2009,

http://news.asiaone.com/News/the%2BStraits%2BTimes/Story/A1Story20090407-133765.html

[11] Malaysia Kini, Press Freedom: What Najib Doesn’t Want You To Know, 21 Mac 2012,

http://www.freemalaysiakini2.com/?p=21240

[13] Malaysia Kini, ‘No Guarantee Of Press Freedom In Malaysia’, 4 Mei 2012,

http://www.freemalaysiakini2.com/?p=28065

[14] RSF, Major Protest Prompts Attacks On Journalists, Censorship And Missing Media Replaced By Civil Society, 5 Mei 2012,

http://en.rsf.org/malaisie-major-protest-prompts-attacks-on-05-05-2012,42567.html

[16] RSF, Two Journalists Set Upon During Environmental Demonstration, 2 Mac 2012,

http://en.rsf.org/malaisie-two-journalists-set-upon-during-02-03-2012,41978.html

[17] CIJ, CIJ Alarmed At Bersih 3.0′S Near-Blackout By Print Media, 26 April 2012,

http://cijmalaysia.org/2012/04/26/cij-alarmed-at-bersih-3-0s-near-blackout-by-print-media/

[18] RSF, Fired Reporter Says His Newspaper Was Used For Propaganda Purposes, 10 Mei 2011, http://en.rsf.org/malaisie-fired-reporter-says-his-newspaper-10-05-2011,40259.html

[19] RSF, Many Opposition And News Sites Brought Down By Cyber-Attacks In Election Run-Up, 15 April 2011,

http://en.rsf.org/malaysia-many-opposition-and-news-sites-15-04-2011,40034.html

 

Advertisements

Taib Mahmud Dynasty: A Regime Changing Time Bomb

An investigator for an international non governmental organisation (NGO), Global Witness went undercover posed as a foreign investor in an undercover sting to expose the corrupted and fraudulent activities of the family members and business partners of Sarawak’s chief minister (CM), Taib Mahmud that was committed at the expense of the people of Sarawak in order to gain illegal profits worth millions if not billions of Malaysian ringgit.

Global Witness published an approximately 16-minute long short film, with a title aptly named Inside Malaysia’s Shadow State, perfectly describing the beastly corruption of Sarawak CM Taib, his administration, family and business associates. Although during the course of the film Global Witness investigators did not negotiate with Taib himself, the Global Witness investigator did negotiate with the other family members of Taib, which claimed to have a close relationship with him and those close acquaintances include his cousins, lawyers, and others. Those negotiations with his close acquaintances proved that those individuals had heavy backing from Taib Mahmud himself.

Public discussion roared post video being published and also after the investigation was picked up and reported by Malaysiakini.  Taib Mahmud was subsequently interviewed by reporters in which he denied having a close relationship with his cousins featured in the video. His denial is however, a mere denial in which the video still proves that his family members are involved in serious illegal business transactions that breach both criminal and civil law of Malaysia. And those criminal activities unfortunately are conducted by none other than the Sarawak’s Ministry of Resource Planning and Environment, which is headed by Taib.

As a political think tank, Political Studies for Change (KPRU – Kajian Politik untuk Perubahan) opines that the video released by Global Witness records Taib’s family as honestly and truthfully as possible without being slanderous. But, even with the expose on Taib, Najib’s administration seems to be disappointingly indifferent and at the same time, as usual, blaming the rest of the world instead of reflecting deeply inwards. Even the Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission (MACC) seems to be suspiciously unaffected and neutral considering the gravity of the crimes committed by Taib and his cronies.

 

The Richest Chief Minister cum Malaysian – Taib Mahmud

Sarawak is the largest state in Malaysia, an outback of bountiful natural wealth and resources such as pepper, cocoa, palm oil, timber and oil and yet Sarawak holds one of the highest poverty rate in Malaysia. 40 percent household of Sarawakian’s income the per capita are only worth RM 312 in which is a horrifying contrast to its richest individual – Taib Mahmud worth at RM 45.9 billion.

Barisan Nasional (BN) has held the ruling political power over half a century creating a one-party political system rife with corruption and cronyism. The administrative power of Taib Mahmud in Sarawak has remained unchanged for 30 years. The only change felt in Sarawak is the increasing gap of the Gini Coefficient, in which the income gap between the rich and the poor has unfortunately grown over the years. The GiNI Coefficient rate rose from 0.441 in 1989 to 0.445 in 2002, and 0.448 in 2009. (Gini index: 0 for equal, 1 for inequality).

According to the report “The Taib Timber Mafia- Facts and Figures on Politically Exposed Persons (PEPs) from Sarawak, Malaysia[1] released by the Bruno Manser Fund pointed out that Taib’s wealth is estimated at $15 billion (RM 45.9 billion), enough to surpass the top richest man in Malaysia, Robert Kuok ($12.5 billion). And the Taib family’s assets is estimated to top at $21 billion (RM64.2 billion), in which the wealth is distributed in 400 companies across the globe.

The report also pointed out that Taib, who is also the Chief Minister of Sarawak of 30 years, holds the monopoly over timber harvesting and planting contracts, export of timber, providing services to other countries for the maintenance of public roads as well as the production and sale of cement, as well as other construction materials, in order to accumulate wealth for his family members and cronies.

The Taib family holds a 29.3 percent stake in Cahaya Mata or CMS. CMS is the main contractor for several state construction projects; including the construction of the new Sarawak State Legislative Assembly building worth RM300 million, the maintenance contract over 4,000 km of roads throughout Sarawak, and the maintenance contract over 600 km of federal roads in Sarawak under a 15-year concession awarded by the State Government.

In a stark contrast, the Taib’s family reign has left the public infrastructure of Sarawak to remain at a snail-pace. Sarawakians are left with a public infrastructure 20 years behind the public infrastructure felt in the Peninsular of Malaysia. More than 70 percent of long house residents are living without water and electricity; the state’s roads development index has remained at a low 0.38 percent, meaning, while Taib’s family drive around in fancy cars, the local residents particularly Sarawakians living in remote villages still rely on the river and boats as their main transportation mode. This is turn causes the students to travel long distances and to walk kilometres of road every single day in order to go to school.

Sarawak’s lack of basic infrastructure is one of the main causes of Sarawakians poverty in turn, negatively affects the economy of the locals to remain steadily behind the infrastructure development felt in the Peninsular.  In other words, Sarawakians are stuck in the past while Taib Mahmud’s family bathe themselves in billions of Malaysian ringgit belonging to the Sarawakians.

Sarawakians Stuck in Extreme Poverty

Deputy Prime Minister and also Minister of Education, Muhyiddin bin Yassin claimed that Sarawakians are blissfully living and working in content during his three day trip to Sarawak (February 27 to February 29). However, as shown by relevant data, Sarawak has one of the highest percentage of families living in extreme poverty in Malaysia.

According to the speech by Minister in Welfare, Women and Family Development Sarawak, Fatimah Abdullah on January 31, 2013, 20,392 people are living in hardcore poverty with incomes of less than RM 590 a month. Meanwhile, 26,432 people are living below the poverty line with incomes of less than RM910 a month and 15,425 people are stuck in a low income household with income of less than RM2,000 a month.[2]

The minister said that in the present situation, poverty and hardcore poverty rates in the state is recorded at 4.3 percent and 1.0 percent respectively as compared to 3.8 percent and 0.7 percent respectively at the national level.[3] This means that Sarawakians live below the official poverty rate.

According to the 10th Malaysia Plan (Table 1) in 2004, 34,800 Sarawak family household earn incomes per month less than RM912 with their monthly per capita income of RM167. By 2009, the poverty rate has fallen from 7.5 percent (2004) to 5.3 percent. However, out of 27,100 from 513,400 household earn an income less than RM912 with a monthly per capita income of only RM208. It also means that during the 5-year plan, only 7,700 households are lifted out from poverty with their per capita income enchanced at only RM41.[4]

Table 1: Selected Poverty Statistic, Malaysia 2004 and 2009

poverty 2004

poverty 2009

 Source: Report of 10th Malaysia Plan

Prime Minister, Najib Tun Razak on June 12, 2012,  in a written reply to the Member of Parliament for Bandar Kuching, Chong Chieng Jen also pointed out, according to the The Household Income and Basic Amenities Survey (HIS/BA) 2009 report, Sarawak’s per capita income, the bottom 40 percent of household earn a monthly per capita income of RM312; whilst 40 percent of the middle-level families earn a monthly per capita income of RM822, and 20 percent of the upper household earn a monthly per capita income of RM2,600.

Based on that data, a total of 80 percent of Sarawakians earn an income per capita of less than RM1000 per month. Comparing that to the data from Department of Statistic Malaysia by 2011 to calculate the inflation rate of 3 percent per year, between 2004 and 2009/2010, Malaysians suffer an increase of 102 percent on residential, utilities and other expenses with transportation costs rose to 94.6 percent, and food and non-alcoholic beverages 60.9 percent. The average monthly expenditure per household stands at RM2,190.

It can be seen that even a family with two wage-earners, the standard of living is beyond their financial capabilities. According to the data provided by the Sarawak police, crime occurrences in Sarawak in 2012 stands at a total of 9,456, an increase 7.9 percent lower in previous years. However, the latest reports also pointed out that, in January 2013, the crime rate in Sibu, Sarawak as compared to January last year, jumped as much as 63.04 percent in the same period.

In other words, Muhyiddin is disconnected with the realities of Malaysians on the streets living in fear and living in poverty caused by greedy politicians and dirty politics.  Muhyiddin fails to see eye to eye and understand the difficulties faced by the ordinary Malaysians.

Where is the Allocations for Infrastructure Development?

Sarawak receives over RM41.8 billion for the infrastructure development under the 8th, 9th and 10th Malaysia Plan. Furthermore, allocation to Sarawak under the 9th Malaysia Plan accounts for 7 percent of the entire federal development cost, with majority of the allocation channeled to the development of basic infrastructure and the Sarawak Renewable Energy Corridor (SCORE).

Najib introduced a series of key performance indicators (KPIs) in order to strengthen the infrastructure of rural areas after replacing Abdullah Ahmad Badawi as Prime Minister of Malaysia. Hence, Sarawak becoming the focus of development under the 10th Malaysia Plan.

Table 2: Allocation under 8th,9th and 10th Malaysia Plan

The Malaysia Plan (MP)

allocation

8th MP(2001-2005)

RM12.8 billion

9th MP (2006-2010)

RM15 billion

10th MP(2011-2015)

RM14 billion[5]

Total

RM41.8 billion

According to Table 2, in the 15 years from 2001 till 2015, Sarawak has received federal funding totaling at RM41.8 billion. Yet, within those 15 years, the citizens of Sarawak have not felt the development in public infrastructure as opposed to what was occurring in the Peninsular of Malaysia.

According to the 2011 Auditor-General’s Report, the ministry approved a total of RM1.727 billion to implement 175 road projects in Sarawak from 2006 to 2010. From the total approved funds, as of December 31st, 2011 only RM1.024 billion (59.3 percent) has been spent.[6]

Of the 175 road projects in Sarawak planned, only 101 projects have been completed. 38 projects suffered delays of 15 to 242 days from the original schedule, and 74 projects have not yet been completed. Amongst them, 13 projects valued at RM229.27 million (17.6 percent) are classified as problematic projects.

In addition, the 2011 Auditor-General’s Report also exposed projects handled without strict supervision, as well as several contractors found cutting corners in order to save money, resulting in badly designed roads and damages on the roads built incurred in just a short span of time post completion. Millions of ringgit have been spent on badly designed and lack of, if not, absent of quality infrastructures in which, fail to benefit the citizens of Sarawak. Hence, the lives of ordinary Sarawakians are arbitrarily jeopardised every single day, using those roads constructed by the greed of the few, affluent and influential.

 

Sarawak: The State of Dams

Sarawak State is Malaysia’s largest state with a dinosaur infrastructure. The BN lead government introduced the controversial project Sarawak Energy Corridor (SCORE) in 2008, with the plan to construct 18 large dams all over Sarawak, coal mining quarries, and oil and gas refineries. A relative to the Sabah Development Corridor (SDC), in which it was planned to develop Sabah into a center of trade and commerce, Sarawak’s implementation of the SCORE is visibly aimed to milk Sarawak dry of its rich natural resources at the expense of the Sarawakians and the environment.

SCORE was launched by Former Prime Minister and Finance Minister Abdullah Badawi in 2008 before the 12th general election. It is one of the five regional development corridors planned throughout the country. SCORE was expected to be completed after 23 years (2008-2030), at a total cost of RM334 billion. But the biggest beneficiaries are the Sarawak State Government-owned Sarawak energy corporation (Sarawak Energy) which received billions of ringgit worth of memorandums.

Under SCORE, those 18 dams include 9 dams equivalent to 8 Singapore landsize, which is to be completed before 2022. Another 7 dams are expected to be completed post 2022.  The rest two dams were completed before start the project SCORE. Those two damns are the Batang Ai dam, completed in 1985 and the controversial Bakun Dam completed in 2011. The contstruction 18 large dams are expected to cost RM 44 billion.

DAM

These large dams were constructed and planned to increase electricity supply. Yet the question is whether Malaysia is in need of that much wasteful energy? These plans do not even include nuclear power plant as proposed under Najib’s administration.

As expected with mega projects, huge portions of land are needed. Hence, native lands are robbed, illegally seized and sold. Prime million year old rain forests are destroyed; rare flora and fauna are killed and chased out of their homes; thus increasing the chances of human and animal confrontation. Lives are lost and at stake. The environment is notoriously raped without remorse. The lives and way of life of the indigenous are threatened, forcing them into the vicious cycle of poverty of “civilized” culture. Their heritage destroyed and burned to the ground. All for the sake of the greedy few with hands made of Velcro. Dipping their sticky fingers into coffers and taking what does not belong to them.

In their feeble attempt to protect their lives and way of life, they resort to protests in which those protests and participants are treated like insects by Najib’s administration. Under the banner of development, Najib’s administration trample over these Malaysian citizens, ignoring their pleas, crushing their hopes with the law. Hence, the development championed by Najib’s administration is no more than hypocritical, rhetorical and a sham. Those so called development and high income society are only felt by Najib’s and Taib’s cronies and not the Sarawakians nor the Sarawak indigenous people.

 

Conclusion

As per the words of Muhyiddin;

“Under the governance of the Barisan National, have not heard of people starve to death, but there is a part of the encounter the problem of obesity.”

Muhyiddin confidently believes BN will regain Sibu parliamentary seats in the 13th general election. However, behind every smile is a secret. The secret of Muhyiddin and those like him are greed and the fear of losing power.

Sarawak is known as the bastion of BN Due to poverty and the lack of access to knowledge and infrastructure, Taib Mahmud may have the added advantage over the poor of Sarawak, particularly those in the remote villages of Sarawak. To Taib, Sarawakians are easily bought over and bullied. To Taib, Sarawakian votes are his and only his. The relationship between Taib and his votes cannot be broken. But he forgets, all that is will not always be. Sarawakians are not blind; they are just precluded from their basic rights under his iron fists.

The BN regime may have the administrative power for 55 years and Taib Mahmud’s family have clutched 30 years worth of administrative power in Sarawak. They are blind to the beauty of Sarawak. Their blindness is caused by greed. The greed to rob, plunder and destroy. Their greed haunts them. As shown by Global Witness, Taib’s family are frauds with their fraudulent and illegal activities are laid bare for the world to see. According to the MACC, “With the emergence of new evidence, the anti-corruption and will take appropriate action.” In other words, the MACC will not take any action towards Taib nor his cronies. It would seem the only way to rid Sarawak of Taib and his cronies is for the citizens of Sarawak to rise up and realize only they themselves can save Sarawak from Taib as the Najib’s administration has no intention of saving Sarawak.

The Truth Serum Behind Najib’s Economic Transformation Programme (ETP)

When Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak launched the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) on 21st September 2010, it was done with the intention of keeping Malaysia on the right track to a high-income status nation by the year 2020. In 2012, ETP boasts 72 out of 131 EPPs launched, surpassing its GNI target of RM830 billion and also surpassing its private investment target worth RM94 billion.[1] The ETP also boasts itself of the pool of acronyms; EPP, NKEA, SRI, SEDIA, IRDA, NCIA, RAPID, BOs, BLESS, and much more. And yet, your average Joe and Jane on the street not only does not fully understand the ETP, they seem to be left out from the fruits of labour of the ETP.

 

Failures of ETP

Prior to Najib’s ETP and GTP address on RTM last night, the failures of the ETP listed include; falling surplus in which the share of external trade to GDP (gross domestic products) shrunk to 145% caused by weak external environment; the silent death of the Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC) which was supposed to be a part of the ETP; Malaysian investment abroad worth RM19.5 billion in the first half of 2012 surpassed the RM13.6 billion worth of inward investment; the GNI per capita of 49% as boasted by Najib in from USD$6,670 in 2009 to USD$9,970 in 2011 was misleading. The real figure was a minor 16.2% according to World Bank data. Recycling old failed projects such as the Karambunai Integrated Resort City and the Tanjung Agas poject. The failure to attract foreign investment to Educity, Iskandar. Of the ten institutions approached by the government, only two have been fully functioning.

Think tank Political Studies for Change (KPRU) believes Najib should also show the other set of glaring failures of the ETP which includes the falling of Malaysia’s rankings in the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report (WEFs GCR; Table 2). Amongst the fall in ranking are the fall in wastefulness of government spending ranking; a fall in labour market efficiency, a fall in the government’s budget balance position ; a fall in the labour market efficiency; a fall in the women in labour force, ratio to men, a fall in the technological readiness under NKEA and more.

 

Dazzling but Substance Lackluster ETP Speech

During the ETP and GTP speech, Najib claimed 149 EPP projects have been announced but in actual fact, according to the 2012 Annual Report, the real number is 152 EPPs planned with 408,443 employment created and it’s expected GNI contribution is RM135.64 billion. Najib used ringgit Malaysia as the currency for GNI, however in an earlier 2012 report, American dollars was used instead. Why the discrepancy and non-compliance of currency? Najib also claimed an increase of 22 percent in private investment from 2011 to 2012. However, what can be seen is that still the major contributor of investment are from the government. Najib boast the ‘success’ of the RAPID Pengerang project and in the 2012 report state drawing the likes of Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia (NUMed), Netherlands Maritime Institute of Technology (NMIT), Raffles University Iskandar, University of Southampton Malaysia (USMC), Reading University Iskandar, Raffles American School and Marlborough College Malaysia (MCM). Yet, he seems to have left out the representatives of those institutions facing immense struggles of bureaucracy causing a mismatch of departments put in place and a lack of students with staff interested to work in Educity.[2]

Najib in his speech also quoted several international rankings such a the World Bank Ease of Doing Business Report  2013, World Competitiveness Yearbook 2012/2013, AT Kearneys FDI Confidence Index, Globe Shopper Index by the Economist Intelligence Unit, and also the International Living Magazine to display Malaysia’s positive international outlook. Yet, KPRU sees that while Najib likes to bask in the so-called glory of the ETP, Najib have failed to state the rankings stated by the World Economic Forum’s GCR Report, in which Malaysia pretty much fell in the expectations of accountable and transparency or that 50% of business lost business in Malaysia over corruption as stated in Transparency International. Malaysia be a leader in global shopping but Malaysia also suffers a heritage loss such as the crumble of iconic places in Jalan Sultan, Tun Perak, Lebuh Pasar and even the infamous yet iconic Pudu Jail and the non-discriminatory loss of our million years old forests particularly in East Malaysia.

 

Epilogue

Najib may have claimed much successes over the implementation of the ETP but what remains is the amount of gold felt by the common people of Malaysia. He may have boasted on the ‘surge’ felt in the Kuala Lumpur Bursa and the sukuk investment revealing in dazzling numbers, percentage and tables but KPRU sees that none of all that matters when those who feel the returns are the corporate and political figures rather than the common people of Malaysia. In a nutshell, Najib’s ETP is a series of projects benefiting UMNO rent seekers rather than the ordinary Rakyat that he used to claim in his Janji Ditepati rhetoric.

 

Table 1: List of ETP Activities and its Failures

No. Failure ETP 2012 Report
1. Falling surplus – the share of external trade to GDP has shrunk to 145% caused by weak external environment.[3] As of 31st December 2012, 149 EPP projects were launched worth RM211.34 billion.
2. Oil palm replanting programme – the target plant areas was 126,500ha but only 103,000ha was achieved.[4] 113,000 hectre  of oil palm planted
3. Growth of real GNI is only 4.7%, much lower than 6% target in ETP. Its claim of RM797 billion “target” for 2011 GNI was lower than the MoF forecast of RM811 billion. This “target” was only publicised after the GNI data was released by the MoF. Furthermore, it is very low, calling for just 7.8 per cent growth, well below the average 8.8 per cent targeted in the ETP Roadmap Report. The ETP focuses on GNI, but CEO Datuk Seri Idris Jala misdirected Malaysians by citing the stronger GDP numbers.[5] GNI per capita increased 49 percent in 3 years.

2010- RM8100

2011-RM9700

2012-RM9970

GNI in 1957 was merely USD257

Purchasing power parity is 2x of the Malaysian GNI.

4. 1 on October 25, 2010, PEMANDU said LFoundry Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of German-based Landshut Silicon Foundry GmbH, would undertake a 200 mm water fab worth  RM1.9 billion project. Yet nothing was mentioned in the “Achievements” section of the ETP Annual Report. Instead, a much smaller RM100 million equipment refurbishment and training centre project was highlighted.Lfoundry in Germany is declaring itself insolvent and going into bankruptcy proceedings.
5. Damansara City 2 project by GuocoLand (Malaysia) Berhad was unveiled in the 3rd ETP Progress update on January 11, 2011. There was no status report, it was not even mentioned in the “Moving Forward” section. Instead three additional heritage routes and the upgrading of Masjid Jamek were highlighted instead.  Marina Island Pangkor’s International Resort & Entertainment Extension Project was showcased in the 4th ETP Progress Update on March 8, 2011. Strangely though, no progress update was given in the Annual Report on this huge project.[6]
6. According to Asia-Pacific Sovereigns Andrew Colquhoun, ETP has failed to boost Malaysia’s average income fast enough to avert a middle income trap.[7]
7. According to Refsa, only 21% of income will eventually go to the workers as opposed to the current 28%. Only 21% of the income created by Pemandu’s ETP will go to workers. Compare this to Singapore which allocates 40% and South Korea and the US which set aside 50%.[8]
8. Karambunai project was initially announced in October 2010 during Datuk Seri Najib Razak’s budget speech as a RM3 tourism project which more than tripled in value to RM9.6 billion when it was included in the fifth ETP update on April 19, 2011.[9] Between in 2011 and 2012, Malaysia attracted 50 million visitors with RM100 billion GNI.
9. Abdul Jalil Abdul Rasheed, who helps manage US$3 billion as CEO of Aberdeen Islamic Asset Management in Kuala Lumpur, is worried the lion’s share of the billions in private investments needed for the ETP will come from government-linked companies who then raise funds by issuing bonds. These bonds then get government guarantees, making the government’s debt position even more worrying should a default happen.[10] TERAJU manages the Skim Jejak Jaya Bumiputera (SJJB), a Government initiative introduced in 2007 providing “lastmile” support to eligible Bumiputera companies for listing on Bursa Malaysia. The initiative will consequently allow for

greater Bumiputera corporate equity.

Khazanah Nasional Bhd and Permodalan Nasional Bhd have identified a total of 10 companies to be divested to Bumiputera companies. Eight of these have officially been tendered for divestment.

10. 1Malaysia email or MyEmail project from last year that was taken by then public-listed Tricubes Bhd. It recently lost its listing status as it was not able to regularize its financials. RM5 million was invested but only 22,000 Malaysians registering for it. Lfoundry scrapped its operations in Kulim Hi-Tech Park.[11] 2012 Report state the failure of the Myemail is due to failed public relations with the public.
11. According to Standard Chartered, a more focused approached than the ETP is needed to transform Malaysia. Instead of the ETP, Malaysia should emulate South Korea and Taiwan in reinventing its economy and moving up the value curve to high-quality products.[12] Between 2011 and 2012, 1087 sundry shops were transformed under the TUKAR scheme with shops experiencing an increase of 30% of sales.
12. The Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC), which was supposed to be part of the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP), has died a silent death due to pressure from certain NGOs.[13]
13. RM594 billion of the incremental RM594 billion GNI that the ETP creates will go to corporate profits;

Just RM166 billion will go to wages for employees; and

RM40 billion will go to the government in net taxes.[14]

GNI will contribute RM135.64 billion and 404,443 employment opportunities.
14. PEMANDU’s target is to double nominal income per capita to RM48,000 by 2020. But using its forecasts for income and population growth, and inflation, the target should be RM54,145, not RM48,000.[15]
15. MSC was renamed MSC Malaysia, the name of the lead agency changed from MDC to MDeC (while still remaining the Multimedia Development Corporation), MDeC is straitjacketed – it has been given the mandate to oversee and implement an initiative that promises to be as transformative as the other TPs were supposed to be, but without the teeth to do so.[16] MdeC will focus on ongoing industry initiatives on two thrusts: Maintaining a competitive environment in Malaysia to attract foreign investment in outsourcing; and increasing the competitiveness of local companies by enhancing their scale, credibility and market reach.
16. According to HwangDBS Vickers Research, GLC/Bumiputera developers tipped to benefit from government land redevelopment, owners of large land bank and investment assets in KL should also stand to benefit from ETP.[17] 48 MRT package contracts contributing to RM19.8 billion and 45 percent of those 48 contracts are awarded to Bumiputeras worth RM8.9 billion
17. Foreigners withdrew $42 million from Malaysian offshore equity funds in the last six months of 2012, while adding a net $129 million and $230 million to Philippine and Thai funds respectively.[18]
18. Malaysian investment abroad of RM19.5 billion in the first half of this year surpassed the RM13.6 billion worth of investment that the country received.[19] RM547 million worth of creative output and 157 hours of man hours was poured into the making of the Academy awarded of the movie Life of Pi.
19. Cypark Resources Bhd has covered the 26ha former landfill in Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, with up to 32,000 solar panels, turning the area into what is said to be the largest solar photovoltaic (PV) farm in the country and South-East Asia.[20]
2 In 2009, Najib dismantled a long-time restriction that benefited “sons of the soil.” They can now own 100% stakes in businesses in 27 sub-sectors. Najib’s 2012 budget extends that reform to 17 more sub-sectors such as medical and education services. But bigger reforms are absent from manufacturing and the labour market that suffers from entrenched affirmative-action policies.[21] 18 subsectors liberalised including quantity surveying that will be liberalised in 2013.

Competition Act 2010 gazetted in 2012 and the first case is solved.

21. Only 30% of Malaysians obtained higher education qualifications compared to Singapore’s 46%, Thailand’s 41% and South Korea’s 89% in 2010. 80% of our workforce only receive secondary level education and only 25% of our workers are highly skilled compared to Singapore’s 49%, Taiwan’s 33% and South Korea’s 35%.[22] MSC Malaysia MyUniAlliance Programme is a new initiative by the MDeC with support from PEMANDU. The goal is to develop graduates who are industry-ready and employable.
22. Najib says the GNI per capita rose 49% from US$6,670 in 2009 to US$9,970 in 2011. But World Bank note the figure was only 16.2%.[23] GNI per capita increased 49 percent in 3 years.

2010- RM8100

2011-RM9700

2012-RM9970

GNI in 1957 was merely USD257

23. Foreign education institutions are struggling to launch in Educity. Of ten institusion approached to open campuses, only two institutions have officialy fully operated. Globally recognised institutions including Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia (NUMed), Netherlands Maritime Institute

of Technology (NMIT), Raffles University Iskandar, University of Southampton Malaysia (USMC) and Reading University Iskandar have set up campuses.

24. Recycled old projects such as the Tanjung Agas that was originally launched in 2009 with an investment shot of RM8 billion[24] that is relaunched under ETP as a transforming project.
25. IHH Healthcare IPO falls flat, expects not dividends as it is no longer attractive to investors nor is it supportive of its rich valuation.[25]
26. The renaming of the Kuala Lumpur International Financial District (KLIFD) or now known as Tun Razah Exchange (TRX)  worth RM25.07 billion with the possibility of creating a propertyglut.[26] RAPID Pengerang will provide 4000 employment opportunities with 20,000 contruction workers.

 

 

Table 2: Fall in Malaysian Ranking in the WEF GCR from 2011 to 2012[27]

Indicator

Ranking in WEF GCR 2011 and 2012

NKEA/SRI

Wastefulness of government spending

12 to 19

Public finance reform SRI
Government’s budget balance position

96 to 110

Public  finance reform SRI
Intensity of local competition

26 to36

Competition, standardisation and liberalisation SRI
Extenct of market dominance

14 to 19

Competition, standardisation and liberalisation SRI
Labour market efficiency

20 to 24

Human capital devfelopment SRI
Women in labour force, ratio to men

114 to 119

Human capital devfelopment SRI
ICT use

57 to 68

Communications, content and infrastructure (CCI) NKEA
Technological readiness

44 to 51

Communications, content and infrastructure (CCI) NKEA
Broadband internet subscriptions

62 to 68

Communications, content and infrastructure (CCI) NKEA
International internet bandwith

60 to 83

Communications, content and infrastructure (CCI) NKEA

*WEF GCR is an abbreviation for World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report


[1] MI, Dissecting the ETP Annual Report (Part 1) — Grade A+ for obfuscation! — Ong Kian Ming and Teh Chi-Chang, 31 Mei 2012,

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/sideviews/article/dissecting-the-etp-annual-report-part-1-grade-a-for-obfuscation-ong-kian-ming-and-teh-chi-chang

[2] MI, Foreign Schools Find Iskandar’s Education Hub Less Than Stellar, 24 Disember 2012,

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/foreign-schools-find-iskandars-education-hub-less-than-stellar

[3] The Star. Falling Surplus Nothing To Worry About, 9 Mac 2013,

http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2013/3/9/business/12815156&sec=business

[4] The Star, Challenges for the Economic Transformation Programme, 28 November 2012,

http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2012/11/28/business/12380117&sec=business

[5] MI, Dissecting the ETP Annual Report (Part 1) — Grade A+ for obfuscation! — Ong Kian Ming and Teh Chi-Chang, 31 Mei 2012, http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/sideviews/article/dissecting-the-etp-annual-report-part-1-grade-a-for-obfuscation-ong-kian-ming-and-teh-chi-chang/

[6] MI,  Dissecting The ETP Annual Report (Part 2): The Mystery Of The Disappearing Entry Point Projects — Ong Kian Ming And Teh Chi-Chang, 7 Jun 2012, http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/sideviews/article/dissecting-the-etp-annual-report-part-2-the-mystery-of-the-disappearing-entry-point-projects-ong-kian-ming-and-teh-chi-chang

[7] The Edge, Fitch Positive On Malaysia’s ETP, But Public Finances A Concern, 13 April 2011,

http://www.theedgemalaysia.com/business-news/185024-fitch-positive-on-malaysias-etp-but-public-finances-a-concern.html

[9] MI, Putrajaya Says ‘Recycled’ Projects Part Of ETP ‘Ecosystem’, 13 Mac 2012,

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/putrajaya-says-recycled-projects-part-of-etp-ecosystem

[10] MI, ETP Faces Battle To Win Big Private Investment, 17 September 2012,

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/etp-faces-battle-to-win-big-private-investment

[12] MI, ETP Too Broad To Transform Malaysia, Says Standard Chartered, 16 Januari 2012,

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/business/article/etp-too-broad-to-transform-malaysia-says-standard-chartered

[14] Ong Kian Ming, ARTICLE: ETP: Part 6 — The ETP Will Make The Rich Even Richer, 6 Mac 2012,

http://ongkianming.com/2012/03/06/article-etp-part-6-the-etp-will-make-the-rich-even-richer/

[15] ibid

[16] DNA, Digital Malaysia: Whither Now, Wither Now?, 23 Julai 2012,

http://www.digitalnewsasia.com/insights/digital-malaysia-whither-now-wither-now

[17] Asia Views, Glcs, Developers The Big Winners In ETP, 21 Disember 2010,  http://www.asiaviews.org/headlines/17-main-story-/27486-storyalias13

[18] Reuters, Run Up To Tense Election Puts Malaysia, Investors On Edge, 17 Januari 2013,

http://uk.reuters.com/article/2013/01/17/uk-malaysia-election-idUKBRE90G19S20130117

[19] MI, Economists: Malaysian Growth Could Be Hit By Investment Outflow, 19 Oktober 2012,

http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/economists-malaysian-growth-could-be-hit-by-investment-outflow

[20] The Star, Banking On The Right Power, 20 Mac2012,

http://thestar.com.my/metro/story.asp?file=/2012/3/20/north/10949092

[21] WSJ, Malaysia’s Old Economic Model, 12 Oktober 2011,

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203633104576624570334832018.html

[22] The Edge, Tough Task Ahead For Malaysia’s Talent Corporation, 14 Oktober 2010,

http://www.theedgemalaysia.com/lifestyle/175306-tough-task-ahead-for-malaysias-talent-corporation.html

[23] Malaysia Kini, Kit Siang Calls Najib’s GNI Growth Bluff, 13 Mac 2013

http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/223771

[24] The Star, Tanjong Agas Mega Project To Take Off Soon, 23 Februari 2009,

http://thestar.com.my/maritime/story.asp?file=/2009/2/23/maritime/3298307&sec=maritime

[25] The Edge, Hot Stock: IHH Falls On Rich Valuations, HK Venture No Impat, 14 Mac 2013,

http://www.theedgemalaysia.com/highlights/233026-hot-stock-ihh-falls-on-rich-valuations-hk-venture-no-impact.html

[27] MalaysiaKini, Signs That The ETP And GTP Are Failing?, 6 September 2012,

http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/208117

GTP: Pertunjukan Mempesonakan, Isi Kandungan Berongga

Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak merasai tekanannya apabila kadar sokongan terhadap beliau menunjukkan penurunan. Keadaan tidak menyebelahinya apabila beberapa kajian turut meramalkan Najib akan gagal dalam penawanan semula kerusi dua pertiga majoriti dalam Pilihan Raya Umum ketiga belas (PRU-13) akan datang ini. Keadaan ini bakal mengakibatkan Najib menjejaki langkah bekas Perdana Menteri, Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi yang terpaksa mengangkat bendera putih dan berundur selepas PRU ke-12 yang lalu.

Dalam usaha saat-saat terakhir menarik sokongan rakyat, Najib menangguhkan penetapan tarikh pembubaran Parlimen walaupun telah sudah tamat penggal 5 tahun Parlimen. Menurut Najib, beliau memerlukan masa tambahan untuk melaksanakan Program Transformasi Ekonomi (ETP) dan Program Transformasi Kerajaan (GTP), malah menyeru rakyat untuk memberikan peluang kepada beliau untuk meneruskan pentadbirannya.

Najib membentangkan Laporan Pengumuman laporan hasil kerja ETP dan GTP yang  dilaksanakan selama 3 tahun semalam yakni pada 19 March 2013. Dalam pembentangan tersebut, Najib mengumumkan bahwa kesemua tujuh Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA) di bawah GTP menghasilkan pencapaian dan kejayaan yang kagum. Contoh kejayaan menurut GTP beliau termasuklah; penurunan kadar Jenayah, peningkatan dalam purata pendapatan isi rumah, kadar inflasi terendah di rantau dan lain-lain. Najib juga mengumumkan Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia (BR1M) akan disalurkan setiap tahun. Namun, ianya juga didapati bahawa beberapa isu penting tidak mendapat perhatian, terutamanya kadar hutang dan defisit negara.

Selaku Menteri Kewangan, Najib tidak kelihatan berprihatin langsung terhadap hutang negara yang kini telahpun mencecah RM502,359juta, di mana mencakupi sebanyak 53.3 peratus daripada jumlah Pendapatan Negara Kasar (PNK). Sedangkan beliau beria-ria dengan pencapaian program-program transformasi yang diperkenalkan dan giat digerakkan olehnya, Najib tidak mengkaji dengan teliti keadaan kewangan negara yang kian membimbangkan, ataupun sengaja ditepikan demi mempertahankan air mukanya sebagai pemimpin tertinggi dalam negara, lebih-lebih lagi, demi mempertahankan tampuk pimpinannya.

Selain itu, Najib turut berniat menyembunyikan perbelanjaan kerajaan yang tidak berhemah selepas beliau mengambil alih Putrajaya dan melaksanakan program transformasi yang kononnya seumpama “kenderaan yang membawa negara kita menuju ke destinasi negara yang berpendapatan tinggi”. Pencapaian yang diraikan sememangnya dihiasi dengan peruntukan dan perbelanjaan yang tinggi-tinggi belaka. Contohnya, jumlah perbelanjaan kerajaan Najib bagi tahun 2013 mencapai sejumlah RM251.6 bilion, dan ini sekali lagi mencatatkan jumlah perbelanjaan tertinggi! Walaupun negara terpaksa berhadapan dengan deficit yang meruncing akibat ketidaktelusan dan ketirisan yang serius dalam pentadbiran, Najib tidak menunjukkan dedikasi dan usaha untuk menjimatkan kos dan menolak perbelanjaan yang ghairah. Kekayaan negara dan kebajikan rakyat terpaksa digadai, sekadar-kadarnya demi memenuhi keangkuhan seseorang pemimpin.

Taktik Menarik Sokongan

Kajian Politik untuk Perubahan (KPRU), sebuah badan pemikir dan penyelidikan berpendapat pengumuman kejayaan GTP dibuat berasaskan perasaan positif palsu yang diberikan untuk membuktikan Najib berjaya menakluki gunung kejayaan sosio-ekonomi di bawah pentadbiran beliau.

Dalam pembentangan Najib, beliau telah beberapa kali menegaskan kerajaan Barisan Nasional (BN) merupakan kerajaan yang menepati janji sambil mengkritik Pakatan Rakyat (PAKATAN) sebagai pihak yang tiada kemampuan untuk menunaikan janji-janjinya. Najib turut mengancam negara akan menjadi teruk jika berlakunya pertukaran kerajaan. Adakah kita mahukan seorang pemimpin yang menggugut keselamatan jika kita tidak mengekalkan kuasa beliau?

Menurut beberapa kajian antarabangsa dan badan bukan kerajaan, di mana berada kejayaan yang didokong, pastinya terdapat kegagalan yang disembunyikan dan dalam isu ini, terdapat beberapa kegagalan 7 NKRA di bawah GTP. Terutamanya masalah penurunan kadar jenayah yang berbeza dengan persepsi rakyat terhadap jenayah yang tidak didapati dalam laporan yang baru-baru ini. Adakah inisiatif mengurangkan Perasaan Takut terhadap aktiviti Jenayah (Crime – Reduce Fear of Crime) yang telah diperuntukkan sebanyak RM170 juta pada tahun 2012 telah membawa kesan positif kepada rakyat Malaysia? Ianya terbuka untuk perdebatan.

Walaupun kerajaan menegaskan kadar jenayah di negara ini telah menurun, akan tetapi, Kumpulan pemerhati jenayah, Mywatch mendedahkan PDRM hanya menggunakan kategori jenayah indeks bagi mengira kadar jenayah tetapi tidak mengambil kira jenayah bukan indeks dalam NKRA walaupun pentadbiran Najib telah menjelaskan perbezaan antara persepsi rakyat terhadap jenayah dengan angka Pemandu merupakan suatu perkara yang amat penting kepada rakyat.

Oleh demikian, ianya didapati bahawa pengumuman GTP hanya fokus kepada pencapaian dan kejayaan yang mislead merupakan satu taktik Najib bagi menarik balik sokongan rakyat demi mengekalkan kuasa pentadbiran negara beliau.

Berdebat dengan Anwar, Jangan Berlakon Seorang Diri

KPRU mendapati sebagai seorang Perdana Menteri, Najib merupakan seorang pemimpin negara yang menggemari berada di atas pentas, walaupun sehingga masa kini masih tidak membalas jemputan daripada Ketua Pembangkang,  Anwar Ibrahim untuk berdebat mengenai dasar ekonomi negara ini di hadapan seluruh rakyat. KPRU menggesa Najib memberi peluang kepada rakyat untuk menilai tawaran manifesto PAKATAN dan membuat perbandingan dengan dasar GTP melalui perdebatan antara beliau dan Dato’ Seri Anwar Ibrahim dan perdebatan tersebut disiarkan secara langsung melalui RTM tanpa penapisan.

KPRU menegaskan bahawa Malaysia sebagai sebuah negara yang mengamalkan sistem Demokrasi, adalah wajar untuk memberikan peluang kepada calon pemimpin negara untuk menyampaikan dasar-dasar kepada rakyat. Manakala, rakyat harus diberikan peluang untuk membuat pilihan yang paling tepat semasa PRU tanpa ugutan oleh mana-mana pihak. Oleh itu, KPRU menuntut perdebatan antara Najib dan Anwar diadakan sebelum PRU-13, dan bukannya terukan persembahan solo beliau dengan berada di pentas berlakon dengan dirinya.

Berdirinya di atas pentas dengan begitu besar hati, Najib kelihatan begitu teruja dengan tepukan apabila menyindir manisfesto yang dilancarkan oleh PAKATAN bertema PAKATAN Harapan Rakyat. Namun, beliau masih tidak kelihatan bersedia untuk menyahut undangan Anwar Ibrahim yang telah berkali-kali mengajak Perdana Menteri untuk berbahas. Sekiranya Najib begitu berkeyakinan dengan keberkesanan dan kejayaan program transformasi serta dasar-dasar lain yang dilaksanakan kerajaan BN, mengapakah beliau tidak sanggup berbahas dengan Anwar Ibrahim untuk sekali gus menyerlah kemampuannya yang tidak dapat dipersoalkan?

Jadual 1: Kejayaanan dan Kegagalan 7 Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA) GTP

NKRA

Hasil menurut laporan BN

Kegagalan

Mengurangkan jenayah       Pada tahun 2012, jenayah Indeks: -7.6%, jenayah jalanan:  –41.3% .Keseluruhan GTP 1.0,  jenayah Indeks: -26.8%, jenayah jalanan –40.8%.Meningkatkan jumlah tangkapan yang dibicarakan (34.7% pada tahun 2012).       Walaupun Laporan GTP 2011 menyatakan kadar indeks jenayah telah menurun, malah  persepsi rakyat terhadap jenayah adalah lebih tinggi daripada jumlah aktiviti jenayah secara keseluruhan.Kumpulan pemerhati jenayah, MyWatch mendedahkan PDRM hanya menggunakan kategori jenayah indeks bagi mengira turun naik kadar jenayah tetapi tidak mengambil kira jenayah bukan indeks dalam pengiraan NKRA.Jenayah seperti culik, pemerasan, ugutan jenayah dan mencederakan (Sek. 323 K.K) bagi tempoh Jan-Jun 2012 adalah sebanyak 6,631 kes manakala jumlah bagi tempoh masa saa 2011 adalah sebanyak 6,752.

Jenayah bukan indeks  iaitu kecurian kenderaan seluruh Malaysia daripada Julai-September 2011 sebanyak 17,645 dan dalam tempoh sama pada 2012 meningkat 3.5 peratus kepada 18,269.[1]

Pada April hingga Julai 2012, beberapa kes rompakan terjadi di kawasan tempat letak kereta pusat membeli belah, termasuk Mid Valley, One U, dan Publika.

Baru-baru ini (Mac 2013), seorang guru Amerika [2] menahan sebuah teksi berhampiran pusat beli-belah untuk pulang ke rumah di Damansara Perdana, diculik,  ditahan oleh pemandu teksi dan  dirogol oleh sejenayah.[3] Kes ini menarik perhatian kedutaan AS .

Memerangi rasuah       Malaysia satu-satunya negara yang menjadikan pembasmian rasuah di antara pelan transformasinya.CPI bertambah baik daripada tangga ke-60 tahun 2011 kepada tangga ke-54 tahun 2012.        Indeks Persepsi Rasuah (CPI) Transparency International (TI) Malaysia telah menurun kepada 4.3 daripada 10 dan tangga ke-60 daripada 183 negara dalam tempoh pentadbiran Najib.[4]Badan pemantau – Global Finandial Integrity (GFI) yang berpangkalan di Washington  mendapati lonjakan dramatik pengaliran modal di Malaysia – dari AS$30.41 bilion (RM93 bilion) pada tahun 2009 kepada AS$64.38  bilion (RM196.8 bilion) pada tahun 2010.Ia hampir  RM200 bilion wang kotor mengalir keluar dari Malaysia pada tahun 2010 – meletakkan negara ini di tempat kedua di belakang kuasa ekonomi Asia, China, dalam pengaliran modal global.[5]
Meluaskan akses kepada pendidikan bermutu dan termampu       Peningkatan enrolmen kepada 80% bagi kanak-kanak usia prasekolah.Saringan kohort ketiga di bawah program Saringan Literasi dan Numerasi NKRA menunjukkan kadar kecekapan sebanyak 82% dan 90% bagi setiap kategori masing-masing.Kira-kira sejumlah 61,000 guru Bahasa Inggeris telah diuji di bawah Ujian Penempatan Cambridge (CPT) bagi mengukur kecekapan mereka dalam bahasa Inggeris.

Mengeluarkan 164 buah sekolah berprestasi rendah kepada jaluran yang lebih baik.

      “Trends in International Math and Science Study” (TIMSS) 2011 menunjukkan Malaysia telah turun beberapa dalam tangga kedudukan dan markah purata bagi Matematik dan Sains.Skor purata pencapaian pelajar Malaysia dalam Matematik dan Sains merosot dengan ketara. Skor Matematik 2011 merosot kepada 440 mata berbanding dengan 474 mata pada tahun 2007.  Dibelakang negara-negara seperti Korea, Singapura, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong dan Jepun, yang menduduki lima tangga teratas seluruh dunia.Skor Sains 2011 merosot kepada 426 mata pada 2011 berbanding 471 pada tahun 2007.[6]
Meningkatkan taraf hidup isi rumah berpendapatan rendah       Seramai 106,967 orang berjaya didaftarkan & terlibat di bawah program Azam Kerja, Azam Niaga, Azam Khidmat & Azam Tani .E-Kasih telah berjaya mengeluarkan 100,000 rakyat daripada belenggu kemiskinan.Lebih 100,000 unit kediaman mampu milik.

Sepanjang tiga tahun ini, 4,300 usahawan wanita telah dilatih, melebihi sasaran awal berjumlah 4,000 yang telah ditetapkan pada permulaan GTP 1.0.

      Berdasarkan kenyataan Timbalan Menteri Wanita, Keluarga dan Pembangunan Masyarakat, sebanyak 2,680 orang usahawan wanita dilahir bagi tempoh Januari 2010 sehingga 31 Ogos 2011. [7] Angka ini tidak mencapai 0.01 peratus jumlah wanita yang tiada bekerja di negara ini.Berdasarkan kenyataan Najib pada Jun 2010, jumlah isi rumah sebagai miskin tegas yang berdaftar di bawah sistem e-kasih telah berkurang daripada 50,931 kepada 33,417. Namun, berdasarkan laporan  Oriental Daily bertarikh Disember 2012, masih terdapat 53,034 isu rumah yang miskin tegar. Ini bermaksud jumlah isi rumah miskin tegar bertambah 58.7 peratus daripada 33,417 pada tahun 2010 kepada 53,034 pada tahun 2012.[8]
Memperkasa prasarana luar bandar dan pedalaman       3,300km jalan telah dibina di luar bandar.Lebih 1.4 juta isi rumah di kawasan luar bandar telah mendapat bekalan air bersih.Lebih 470 ribu isi rumah di kawasan luar bandar kini telah mendapat akses elektrik.

Sebanyak 53,000 unit rumah penduduk miskin luar bandar telah dibina dan dibaik pulih.

      Berdasarkan Laporan Audit 2011, projek membina dan menaik taraf jalan luar bandar di negeri Sarawak bermasalah malahan terdapat juga projek yang disifatkan sebagai “projek sakit”. Sebanyak 101 projek bernilai RM437.57 juta yang disiapkan tidak memuaskan, manakala 38 projek (37.6%) bernilai RM178.94 juta mengalami kelewatan antara 15 hingga 242 hari daripada jadual asal.Sebanyak 13 projek sakit (17.6%) bernilai RM229.27 juta daripada 74 projek kerana kelewatan menepati 20% daripada jadual  yang ditetapkan.[9]Laporan Ketua Audit Negara 2010 membangkitkan Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB) membelanjakan RM770,000 untuk membekalkan tenaga elektrik kepada sebuah rumah di bawah Projek Bekalan Elektrik Luar Bandar (BELB) di sebuah kampung di Indera Mahkota, Pahang.

Laporan Ketua Audit Negara 2010 juga mendedahkan bahawa TNB meluluskan projek bernilai RM65,193 bagi membekalkan elektrik kepada lima buah rumah terbengkalai di sebuah kampung di Bera, Pahang.

Sehubungan itu, laporan berkenaan menilaikan prestasi projek BELB sebagai tidak memuaskan dengan hanya 43.2 peratus atau 16 daripada 37 projek yang disiapkan pada tahun lalu.[10]

Menambah baik pengangkutan awam bandar       Melancarkan operasi perkhidmatan set keretapi enam gerabak bagi perkhidmatan keretapi  komuter ktm.Pengenalan bas dalam bandar Go kl.Menaik taraf monorel

Pembinaan Park & Ride Gombak.

 

      Berdasarkan Laporan Ketua Audit Negara 2011, Kementerian Pengangkutan terpaksa menanggung kos tambahan berjumlah RM3.6 bilion kerana kelewatan pembinaan projek landasan berkembar elektrik antara Ipoh ke Padang Besar sepanjang 329 kilometer (km).[11]Prestasi kewangan RapidKL kurang memuaskan di mana syarikat mengalami kerugian berjumlah RM293.82 juta pada 2008 dan 2010, walaupun mencatat keuntungan pada 2009.Bilangan bas sedia guna berjumlah kurang daripada 50 peratus keseluruhan bas sebenar. [12]
Menangani kos sara hidup rakyat       Penubuhan Kedai Rakyat 1Malaysia dan Kain 1Malaysia telah memastikan yang rakyat mempunyai akses kepada barangan dan kesihatan yang lebih mampu.Penyiasatan Pendapatan Isi Rumah (PPIR) negara meningkat kepada RM5,000 tahun lalu daripada hanya RM4,025 pada 2009,  peningkatan 1,200%.Kadar kemiskinan negara menurun daripada 3.8% pada 2009 kepada hanya 1.7% tahun 2012.

Jumlah PNK per kapita negara telah meningkat kepada USD9,970 iaitu peningkatan sebanyak 4,000% dalam tempoh 5 dekad.

RM524 juta diperuntukkan untuk bantuan persekolahan

Sebanyak RM97.5 juta diperuntukkan untuk Baucar Buku 1Malaysia (BB1M).

BR1M telah memanfaatkan lebih 6 juta rakyat Malaysia atau sejumlah lebih RM2.34 juta daripada manfaat ini.

1,087 pekedai runcit terbabit dalam program TUKAR.

BR1M menjadi inisiatif tahunan.

      Dasar Gaji Minimun masih belum dapat dilaksanakan secara keseluruhan.Persatuan Pengguna-Pengguna Standard Malaysia (Standards Users) mendapati sos cili yang dijual di Kedai Rakyat 1Malaysia (KR1M) mendapati tahap raksa dan plumbum melebihi paras yang dibenarkan dalam Akta Peraturan-peraturan Makanan 1985.[13]

[8] ://www.orientaldaily.com.my/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=35427:5&Itemid=113

【Special】Lahad Datu Stand off: Najib should bear the responsibility

Looking back at my past articles, I don’t know whether I should feel vindicated that I had made a correct prediction.I had joined a media trip to Sabah which took place in mid-August 2008 in conjunction with the visit of the then Deputy Prime Minister cum Defence Minister Najib Razak to Sabah’s forward bases.

During a media briefing session on 10 August 2008, the forward base senior military officer Commander Hanafi, who was the Markas Angkatan Tugas Bersama 2 (MATB 2) Chief of Staff, told the media that there were six external security threats scattered offshore Sabah, namely Abu Sayyaf, Moro Islamic Liberation Front, Moro National Liberation Front, Misuari Breakaway Group, ransom-seeking criminal groups and Bangsa Sulu Royal Army (BSRA).

I knew of the mentioned external threats except for the BSRA. My instinct told me it must be a new threat. After the Commander completed his briefing, I posted a question to the Commander of MATB 2, Brig Gen Datuk Sheikh Mokhsin Sheikh Hassan.

He answered that the descendants of Sulu Sultan were recruiting Sabah’s Sulu people into the BSRA and it was depicted as a security threat to Malaysia.

When asked why no action had been taken, he said that the armed forces hadn’t taken any action against them because they were just a small group of people, adding that PDRM was monitoring their activities.

“For the time being, they were just ‘touring’ in Sabah, not yet posing any substantial security threats.”

I wasn’t satisfied with his answer. How could the authority not take any action when they know that foreigners were raising army in our territory?

Najib arrived on the following day, and I managed to get comment from him at a press conference.

He commented and confirmed that “the authority is investigating the possibility of the descendants of Sulu Sultan inciting Sabah’s Sulu people to join BSRA”, but refused to give further details.

At the time, I had predicted that the BSRA would be a time bomb for Sabah in which its repercussion might not be small at all.

Finally, the event took place in February 2013 when more than 100 armed self-proclaimed Sulu Sultan’s descendants landed on Lahad Datu.

Although the Home Minister Hishammuddin Hussein keeps assuring us that the Sulu militants are just descendants of Sulu Sultan, the facts tell us more than that.

Numerous academic studies have suggested that these descendants are involved heavily in the armed struggle against the Philippines government in Mindanao, and even the Malaysian government has being accused of as being one of their supporters.

Malaysia had had been involved in the southern Philippines’ Moro rebellion since decades ago. A scholar, Lino Miani, wrote in his paper that in the 1960s Malaysia, fearing a new confrontation between the country and the Philippines, began training the Moros and encouraged them to go back to the southern Philippines.

This was a covert program that started in 1969 which was directed by the late Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman. According to Mr. Miani, 90 Moros received weapons and guerilla warfare training in Pangkor, Perak. And this was the first of the 16 similar classes at the same place, while dozens more training took place in Sabah.

The most famous person that came out of this program was Nur Misuari, who was a member of the first training class in Pangkor, who became the founder of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). Misuari, an ethnic Tausug from Sulu, led the MNLF in fighting against the Philippines government bravely.

Moreover, Sabah’s first governor, Tun Datu Mustapha Datu Harun, who was also an ethnic Tausug from Sulu, was suspected of arranging these military courses and smuggling weaponry to the Moros.

“On Tun Mustapha’s watch, Moro struggling operations achieved an unprecedented scale,” says Miani.

Before clearing allegations of others on their behalf, perhaps Hishammuddin should firstly explain about Malaysia’s involvement in the said operations.

Analysing the Home Minister’s comments that no hostage have been taken by the militants, I assume that they are under siege for the time being.

Questions arise: If water, food and power supply have being cut off, how could the militants survive for that long? If the militants can hold out for almost two weeks, where is their supply coming from? Shouldn’t their disarmament and surrender be the only negotiation terms and conditions? Which national laws permit the descendants to land in Malaysia with arms?

Coincidentally, with the shocking revelations coming out from the hearings during the on-going Royal Commission of Inquiry on Illegal Immigrants in Sabah, do these descendants also possibly possess blue identity cards, which enables them to go in and out Sabah easily?

Can Hishammuddin confirm that they are not Malaysian citizens?

Hishammuddin said the authority is trying to solve this standoff peacefully because avoiding bloodshed is always the first priority of the government. But, did the government treat Bersih rallies’ participants fairly?

With regards to the question of which authority should be charged to handle this standoff, my viewpoint is it should be the Police force even though those militants are from outside.

If the militants were trying to intrude into Malaysia and were detected by our naval or maritime patrol boats while at sea, then it would be the navy or maritime’s task to handle it.

However, once they touched down on Malaysian soil and entered into inhabited areas, the responsibility falls on the police force while the OCPD is the highest field commanding officer.

The involvement of the military depends very much on the intensity of the potential conflict that may arise from the incident. If the standoff breaks out into a high intensity armed conflict, then the Armed Forces need to take over.

If Najib had taken the necessary steps five years ago, the story would have been different today. Therefore, Najib should bear the full responsibility for the current stand-off of not taking any action in earlier stage.

*Lam Choong Wah was a former military news reporter

Reference:
Lino Miani, Green Berets, “Jihadis and Globalised Gun Runners: Trafficking and Counter-trafficking in the Sulu Arms Market”, The Seas Divide: Geopolitics and Maritime Issue in Southeast Asia, Series 5, 2008.